August in Georgia History
A number of significant historical events have occurred in Georgia during the month of August.
Revolutionary War veteran Austin Dabney became the only African American to be granted land (fifty acres) by the state of Georgia in recognition of his war service.
The first documented evidence of gold in north Georgia was reported in the August 1 issue of the Milledgeville newspaper Georgia Journal.
During the Civil War, Union general William T. Sherman's artillery bombarded Atlanta in the last month of the Atlanta campaign, showering 3,000 rounds on the city on August 9. Union general Ulysses S. Grant issued Circular No. 31, which rewarded Confederate deserters with monetary incentives and transport home, while Confederate general Robert E. Lee attempted to sustain his fighting force by issuing General Orders No. 64, offering amnesty to any deserter who returned to Confederate service.
In one of the nineteenth century's most infamous crimes, nine members of the Woolfolk family were murdered in their Bibb County home by Thomas G. Woolfolk.
On the night of August 14, residents in Elberton dismantled "Dutchy," a granite statue of a Confederate soldier that was described as looking like a "strange monster. . . a cross between a Pennsylvania Dutchman and a hippopotamus."
The Atlanta Colored Music Festival Association presented its debut concert of classical music.
A funeral procession for first lady Ellen Axson Wilson, wife of U.S. president Woodrow Wilson, was held in Rome on August 11.
Accused murderer Leo Frank was taken from a prison in Milledgeville and lynched by a mob in Marietta.
Trust Company of Georgia (later SunTrust Bank) purchased the Candler family's controlling interests in the Coca-Cola Company for $25 million.
Citizens Trust Bank, founded to serve African American clients, opened on Auburn Avenue.
The University System of Georgia was created under the State Reorganization Act of 1931.
Benjamin Mays became president of Morehouse College in Atlanta on August 1, his forty-first birthday. He was responsible for tremendous growth in the school's size and stature.
Voters approved a new Georgia Constitution.
Lightweight boxing champion Beau Jack fought his last match on August 12.
Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. launched the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta.
A caravan of seven mule-drawn covered wagons left Dahlonega with gold to gild the dome of the state capitol in Atlanta.
The first Gulfstream aircraft, produced by Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation in Savannah, had its maiden flight.
Atlanta peacefully integrated its public schools under the leadership of Mayor William B. Hartsfield.
During the Albany Movement, Martin Luther King Jr. invited Jackie Robinson to Albany to help raise money for the rebuilding of two burned churches.
On August 28, Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
Marietta-based Lockheed Aircraft Corporation introduced the first production model of the C-141 Starlifter aircraft.
Martin Luther King Jr. and other civil rights leaders returned to Washington, D.C., to witness the signing of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
On August 28, Brazilian soccer club Santos, featuring the world-famous player Pelé, played the Atlanta Chiefs at the Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium before 26,713 spectators.
Westville, a living history museum in Stewart County, was formally founded on August 31.
The Macon-based Allman Brothers Band recorded its first album.
The Georgia Poetry Society was founded in Atlanta.
On August 6, Atlanta Braves player Hank Aaron hit his 661st home run, setting the major league record for home runs hit by a player for a single franchise.
Dr. Betty L. Siegel became the first woman president in the University System of Georgia when she was chosen to head Kennesaw State University.
The Coca-Cola Company opened the World of Coca-Cola in downtown Atlanta.
The closing ceremonies for the Atlanta Olympic Games were held on August 4.
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium was demolished by implosion on August 2.
In ceremonies at the Carter Center on August 9, U.S. president Jimmy Carter and his wife, Rosalynn Carter, each received a Presidential Medal of Freedom from U.S. president Bill Clinton.
Lena Baker, the first and only woman to be executed in Georgia's electric chair, was pardoned posthumously by the state Board of Pardons and Paroles.
- August 24, 1706 Daniel Marshall, religious leader
- August [?], 1721 Henry Ellis, Georgia governor
- August 27, 1724 John J. Zubly, religious leader
- August [?], 1739 George Mathews, Georgia governor
- August 30, 1740 David Bushnell, submarine inventor
- August [?], 1742 Nathanael Greene, military leader
- August 15, 1754 Benjamin Hawkins, Indian affairs agent
- August 23, 1781 John Macpherson Berrien, politician
- August 25, 1787 Daniel Appling, military leader
- August 16, 1798 Mirabeau B. Lamar, politician
- August 31, 1812 William Tappan Thompson, journalist
- August 10, 1840 Eliza Frances Andrews, writer
- August 8, 1842 John Morgan, Mormon missionary to Georgia
- August 6, 1848 Susie King Taylor, educator
- August 14, 1851 John Henry "Doc" Holliday, gunman and gambler
- August 2, 1854 Alfredo Barili, musician
- August 11, 1860 Gari Melchers, artist
- August 31, 1865 Charles E. Choate, architect
- August 24, 1871 Steadman V. Sanford, educator
- August 23, 1887 J. M. Henson, musician
- August 5, 1889 Conrad Aiken, writer
- August 1, 1894 Benjamin Mays, educator
- August 21, 1898 Hugh Peterson Sr., politician
- August 26, 1900 Hale Woodruff, artist
- August 19, 1902 William Bootle, judge
- August 26, 1903 Caroline Miller, writer
- August 18, 1907 Howard Swanson, musician
- August 4, 1911 Jacob Rothschild, religious leader
- August 8, 1913 Cecil Travis, baseball player
- August 9, 1913 Herman Talmadge, Georgia governor
- August 13, 1913 Lee Roy Abernathy, musician
- August 17, 1913 Rudy York, baseball player
- August 15, 1921 Donald Bryan, "Mighty Eighth" member
- August 25, 1923 Mac Hyman, writer
- August 8, 1926 Mike Egan, politician
- August 7, 1927 George Busbee, Georgia governor
- August 18, 1927 Rosalynn Carter, first lady
- August 16, 1933 Bill Shipp, journalist
- August 15, 1935 Vernon Jordan, politician
- August 1, 1937 Walter Griffin, writer
- August 20, 1942 Isaac Hayes, musician
- August 24, 1942 Max Cleland, politician
- August 14, 1943 Alfred Corn, writer
- August 29, 1945 Wyomia Tyus, Olympic runner
- August 30, 1948 Stephen Corey, writer
- August 31, 1955 Edwin Moses, Olympian
- August 8, 1958 Deborah Norville, journalist